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Standard technical abbreviations and acronyms(气象论文中的标准缩写汇总)

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发表于 2021-6-15 17:17:33 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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1D
one-dimensional
2D
two-dimensional
3D
three-dimensional
3DVAR (also variations, e.g., 3D-Var)
three-dimensional variational dataassimilation
4DVAR (also variations, e.g., 4D-Var)
four-dimensional variational dataassimilation
A
ABL
atmospheric boundary layer
ac
alternating current
AD
anno Domini
ADCP
acoustic Doppler current profiler
AGCM
atmospheric general circulation model
AGL
above ground level
AM
amplitude modulation
AMO
Atlantic multidecadal oscillation
ANOVA
analysis of variance
APEX
autonomous profiling explorer
AXBT
airborne XBT
AXCTD
airborne expendable CTD
B
BP
before present
BT (XBT)
bathythermograph (expendable)
C
CAPE
convective available potential energy
CAPPI
constant-altitude plan position indicator
CAT
clear-air turbulence
CBL
convective boundary layer
CCN
cloud condensation nuclei
CDF
cumulative distribution function
CFL
Courant–Friedrichs–Lewy
cgs
centimeter-gram-second
CIN
convective inhibition
CONUS
contiguous/conterminous United States
cos
cosine
cpd
cycles per day
cpy
cycles per year
CTD
conductivity–temperature–depth
D
dc
direct current
DEM
digital elevation model
DJF
December–February
DSD
drop size distribution
E
EF scale
enhanced Fujita scale (EF#)
EHI
energy–helicity index
EM-APEX
electromagnetic autonomous profilingexplorer
emf
electromotive force
EnKF
ensemble Kalman filter
ENSO
El Niño–Southern Oscillation
EOF
empirical orthogonal function
Eq.
equation
ERB
earth radiation budget
erf
error function
erfc
error function (complement of)
et al.
et alia/ii/iae (and others)
etc.
et cetera
ETS
equitable threat score
EUV
extreme ultraviolet
F
F scale
Fujita scale (F#)
FAR
false alarm rate (or ratio)
FDDA
four-dimensional data assimilation
FFT
fast Fourier transform
Fig.
figure
FM
frequency modulation
G
GBVTD
ground-based velocity track display
GCM
general circulation model (OR globalclimate model)
GIS
geographic information system
GPS
global positioning system
H
HF
high frequency
HVAR
hybrid variational scheme
Hz, cps
cycles per second
I
IGY
International Geophysical Year
Im
imaginary part
IOP
intensive observing/observation period
IR
infrared
ITCZ
intertropical convergence zone
IWC
ice water content
J
JEBAR
joint effect of baroclinicity and relief
JJA
June–August
K
KdV
Korteweg–de Vries
KPP
K-profile parameterization
L
LAI
leaf area index
LCL
lifting condensation level
LES
large-eddy simulation
LFC
level of free convection
lhs
left-hand side
LSM
land surface model
LST
local standard time
LT
local time
LWC
liquid water content
LWP
liquid water path
M
MAE
mean absolute error
MAM
March–May
MBL
marine boundary layer
MCS
mesoscale convective system
METAR
aviation routine weather report
min
minute
MJO
Madden–Julian oscillation
mks
meter-kilogram-second
MODE
Method for Object-Based DiagnosticEvaluation
mol wt
molecular weight
MOS
model output statistics
MSL
above mean sea level
MUCAPE
most unstable CAPE
MUCIN
most unstable CIN
MYJ
Mellor–Yamada–Janji?
MYNN
Mellor–Yamada–Nakanishi–Niino
N
NAO
North Atlantic Oscillation
NDVI
normalized difference vegetation index
NH
Northern Hemisphere
NWP
numerical weather prediction
O
ODE
ordinary differential equation
OGCM
ocean GCM
OLR
outgoing longwave radiation
OSSE
observing system simulation experiment
P
PBL
planetary boundary layer
PCA
principal component analysis
PDE
partial differential equation
PDF/pdf
probability density/distributionfunction
PDO
Pacific decadal oscillation
PDSI
Palmer drought severity index
PM2.5; PM10
particulate matter that is smaller than2.5 (10) μm in diameter
POD
probability of detection
PoP
probability of precipitation
ppb
parts per billion
PPI
plan position indicator
ppm
parts per million
ppmv
parts per million by volume
PRF
pulse repetition frequency
psu
practical salinity unit
PV
potential vorticity
Q
QBO
quasi-biennial oscillation
QPE
quantitative precipitation estimation
QPF
quantitative precipitation forecast
R
R/V
research vessel
RAFOS
not an acronym; no expansion
Re
real part
RH
relative humidity
RHI
range–height indicator
rhs
right-hand side
rms/RMS
root-mean-square
rmse/RMSE
root-mean-square error
RMW
radius of maximum winds
RT
radiative transfer
S
SACZ
South Atlantic convergence zone
SH
Southern Hemisphere
SI units
International System of Units
SLP
sea level pressure
SNR
signal-to-noise ratio
SOFAR
sound fixing and ranging
SOI
Southern Oscillation index
SON
September–November
SPCZ
South Pacific convergence zone
SSA
sea surface anomaly
SSH
sea surface height
SST
sea surface temperature
SSTA
sea surface temperature anomaly
STEM/STEAM
science, technology, engineering (arts),and math
STP
significant tornado parameter
STP
standard temperature and pressure
SVAT
soil–vegetation–atmosphere transfer
SVD
singular value decomposition
SWE
snow water equivalent
T
THC
thermohaline circulation
TKE
turbulent/turbulence kinetic energy
TOA
top of the atmosphere
TPW
total precipitable water
U
UHF
ultrahigh-frequency
UHI
urban heat island
UTC
coordinated universal time
UTM
universal transverse Mercator
UV
ultraviolet
V
VAD
velocity–azimuth display
VHF
very high frequency
VIL
vertically integrated liquid watercontent
W
w.r.t.
with respect to
WDM6
WRF double-moment 6-class
WES
wind–evaporation–SST [often with“feedback”]
WISHE
wind-induced surface heat exchange
WKBJ
Wentzel–Kramers–Brillouin–Jeffreys(sometimes just WKB)
X
XBT
expendable bathythermograph
XCTD
expendable CTD
Y
yr
year
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